That part of Greenland lying north of Independence Bay is known as Peary Land. Peary Land was named for Robert Peary because of the role he played in discovering and mapping this bleak land. Along the shore of Peary Land is found Cape Morris Jesup and lying just off its north shore is found Kaffeklubben Island. Farther north are the Ghost Islandswhich appear one year and then soon disappear.
Over the years many notable Arctic expeditions have reached Peary Land. They began in 1892 when Peary discovered Independence Bay and continue to the present day. In 1900 Peary sledged along its north coast, in anticipation of a North Pole attempt, and in 1909 he sent a team to Cape Morris Jesup in to wait for his possible return from the pole by that route. In 1906 the Danmark Expedition began exploring the southern boundary of Peary Land, and in 1921 Lauge Koch circumnavigated Peary Land by dog sled. In 1938 Koch participated in the first flight over Peary Land, and in 1953 two Swiss members of the Danish East Greenland Expedition became the first persons to traverse the interior of Peary Land. In 1960 an American team investigated several emergency aircraft landing sites in the area, and in 1964 and 1965 the famed Sledge Patrol Sirius traveled to Peary Land for the first time.
In both 1968 and 1969 Project Nord teams flew to Peary Land. The result of these two expeditions was to document long standing map errors and to establish Kaffeklubben Island as farther north than Cape Morris Jesup.
My book Beyond the Edge places the above events in the larger historical content of people and places that give Peary Land its geographical significance.